The Korea Herald


Dads less likely to die of heart problems


Published : Sept. 27, 2011 - 11:53

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Fatherhood may be a kick in the old testosterone, but it may also help keep a man alive. New research suggests that dads are a little less likely to die of heart-related problems than childless men are.

The study — by the AARP, the government and several universities — is the largest ever on male fertility and mortality, involving nearly 138,000 men. Although a study like this can‘t prove that fatherhood and mortality are related, there are plenty of reasons to think they might be, several heart disease experts said.

Marriage, having lots of friends and even having a dog can lower the chance of heart problems and cardiac-related deaths, previous research suggests. Similarly, kids might help take care of you or give you a reason to take better care of yourself.

Also, it takes reasonably good genes to father a child. An inability to do so might mean a genetic weakness that can spell heart trouble down the road.

“There is emerging evidence that male infertility is a window into a man’s later health,” said Dr. Michael Eisenberg, a Stanford University urologist and fertility specialist who led the study. “Maybe it‘s telling us that something else is involved in their inability to have kids.”

The study was published online Monday by the journal Human Reproduction.

Last week, a study by other researchers of 600 men in the Philippines found that testosterone, the main male hormone, drops after a man becomes a dad. Men who started out with higher levels of it were more likely to become fathers, suggesting that low levels might reflect an underlying health issue that prevents reproduction, Eisenberg said.

In general, higher levels of testosterone are better, but too much or too little can cause HDL, or “good cholesterol,” to fall — a key heart disease risk factor, said Dr. Robert Eckel, past president of the American Heart Association and professor of medicine at the University of Colorado, Denver.

“This is a hot topic,” Eckel said. “I like this study because I have five children,” he joked, but he said many factors such as job stress affect heart risks and the decision to have children.

Researchers admit they couldn’t measure factors like stress, but they said they did their best to account for the ones they could. They started with more than 500,000 AARP members age 50 and over who filled out periodic surveys starting in the 1990s for a long-running research project sponsored by the National Cancer Institute.

For this study, researchers excluded men who had never been married so they could focus on those most likely to have the intent and opportunity to father a child. Men with cancer or heart disease also were excluded to compare just men who were healthy when the study began.

Of the remaining 137,903 men, 92 percent were fathers and half had three or more children. After an average of 10 years of follow-up, about 10 percent had died. Researchers calculated death rates according to the number of children, and adjusted for differences in smoking, weight, age, household income and other factors.

They saw no difference in death rates between childless men and fathers. However, dads were 17 percent less likely to have died of cardiovascular causes than childless men were.

Now for all the caveats.

Researchers don‘t know how many men were childless by choice and not because of a fertility problem.

They don’t know what fertility problems the men‘s partners may have had that could have left them childless.

They didn’t have cholesterol or blood pressure information on the men — key heart risk factors.

Less than 5 percent of participants were blacks or other minorities, so the results may not apply to them.

All those questions aside, however, some prominent heart experts were reassured by the study‘s large size and the steps researchers took to adjust for heart disease risk factors.

“I think there’s something there,” and social science supports the idea that children can lower heart risks, said Dr. Eric Topol, a cardiologist and genetics expert at Scripps Health in La Jolla, Calif. “Whether it‘s with a pet, a spouse or social interaction ... all those things are associated with better outcomes.”

Dr. Daniel Rader, director of preventive cardiology at the University of Pennsylvania, said: “It’s biologically plausible that there‘s a connection,” but the reduced risk attributed to having children “is pretty modest.”

Men often ask him what they can do to keep from dying of a heart attack, he said.

“I’m not really prepared to, on the basis of this, tell them to start having a few kids,” Rader said.


자녀없는 남자들, 심장병 사망 위험 더 높아

자녀가 없는 남자는 자녀가 있는 남자와 비교할 때 심장병으로 사망할 가능성이 더 높다는 연구 결과가 나왔다.

스탠퍼드 대학의 마이클 아이젠버그 박사팀은 26일 발행된 전문지 ‘인간번식(Hu man Reproduction)’ 최근호에서 10년간에 걸쳐 13만5천명의 남자를 추적한 결과, 이 같은 결론에 도달했다고 밝혔다.

연구팀은 지난 1996년 미국노인협회(AARP)에 가입한 당시 나이 50세 이상인 기혼 남자들을 선정해 추적 조사를 벌였다. 선정된 남자들은 92%가 최소 한 자녀를, 5 0%는 3자녀 이상을 두고 있었고 95%가 백인이었다.

10년간 추적 조사를 하는 동안 조사 대상자 가운데 10%가 사망했으며 사망자 가 운데 5명중 한 명이 심장질환으로 인해 사망한 것으로 나타났다.

사망자들에게 자녀 유무를 조사한 결과 자녀가 없는 남자의 심장병 사망률이 자 녀가 있는 남자의 사망률 보다 17% 높게 나왔다고 아이젠버그 박사는 밝혔다.

기혼이면서 자녀가 없는 남자를 ‘불임’으로 가정했을 때 불임이 심장질환의 조기 경보가 될 수도 있다고 연구팀은 지적했다.

아이젠버그 박사는 자녀가 없다는 것이 심장질환의 원인이라고 단정할 수는 없다면서도 “그러나 불임이 미래 건강을 들여다 볼 수 있는 창이라는 증거들이 나오고 있다”고 말했다.

그는 불임 남성은 심장질환뿐 아니라 일부 암 발병 위험성도 높은 것으로 나타났다고 덧붙였다. (연합뉴스)