People look at a bulletin board at a startup job fair held in Seoul in 2019. (Yonhap)
South Koreans aged between 15 and 29 who were unemployed, not engaged in schooling or housework, and were not seeking jobs increased some 35 percent on-year, data showed Tuesday.
As of May, 96,000 were classified as those “not in education, employment, or training” or “NEET,” data compiled by Yonhap News Agency showed. The figure increased 35.8 percent or 25,000 on-year from 71,000 the previous year. They were among a group of 278,000 people within the same age range who has not been employed for more than three years and are considered “long-term unemployed.”
NEET is a term that originated from the United Kingdom in the late 1990s and often used in Korea, Japan and other countries to describe those not seeking work.
The number of male NEETs grew 15,000 on-year to 62,000, while women in the same category gained 11,000 to 35,000 in the same period.
By age, those between 25 to 29 accounted for 63.5 percent of the entire NEET group, standing at 61,000, as of May. People aged between 20 to 24 accounted for 32.5 percent with 31,000, while those aged between 15 to 19 accounted for 4 percent with 4,000.
Those who received high school diplomas accounted for 77.5 percent with 75,000, while people who received diplomas from junior colleges accounted for 11.7 percent with 11,000.
Separately, among those who were “long-term unemployed,” 85,000 were “job-seeking by preparing for various licenses and exams.” Of the 85,000, some 43,000 were preparing for state exams to become civil servants, firefighters and police officers. Others were preparing to acquire licenses to become teachers, patent attorneys and more.
The Korea Economic Research Institute said in 2019 that South Korea incurred an annual economic loss of 49.4 trillion won ($42.1 billion) from NEETs aged between 15 to 29. The number of young NEETs has been growing as well, the private think tank noted.
There seemed to be less young NEETs in high-income, highly educated families, KERI said, indicating that those from disadvantaged families are more prone to give up on job searching.