Lee Sir-goo, CEO of Dunamu, the operator of Upbit, Korea’s largest crypto exchange in terms of transaction volume, speaks during Upbit Developer Conference on Thursday. (Dunamu)
Blockchain is not a technological concept anymore. It’s starting to apply to real life and becoming a mainstream, irreversible trend, Dunamu CEO Lee Sir-goo said during the Upbit Developers Conference last week.
“When the Internet first emerged, exponential growth began after services that people can use in real life and as for artificial intelligence, after years of research, it only started to receive attention when it was translated into real services,” Lee noted.
“There’s no doubt that blockchain has become a major trend that no one can deny that it is permeating our everyday lives,” Lee said.
During the company’s annual UDC that took place Wednesday and Thursday online, the lineup of speakers and presentations showcased how the global blockchain industry is rapidly evolving each year, and many services are not a concept nor a league of blockchain enthusiasts anymore.
One such example was participation by executives from an auction house and a credit card company.
Cuy Sheffield, vice president and head of crypto at Visa, one of the incumbent financial services companies jumping into the cryptocurrency sphere, pointed out blockchain-based payment methods are making waves in the payment industry and introduced five notable trends -- Bitcoin, Stablecoin, Decentralized Finance, NFT trading, and Central Bank Digital Currency.
For instance, Bitcoin is gaining adoption as digital gold, especially among young generations, as a new asset class, Sheffield said. And Stablecoins, a type of cryptocurrency pegged to flat currency assets like US dollar to stabilize the price, are emerging with a role as treasury infrastructure.
“The average transaction value of Stablecoins is north of $10,000, and this is really becoming a new way that institutions and businesses can transfer dollars across the world and enable it settle very quickly and efficiently,” Sheffield noted, adding that many startups are already developing services based on Stablecoins.
One of the most frequently discussed topics at the UDC was non-fungible tokens, blockchain-based non-duplicable digital certificates that relate to real-world objects like art and music.
NFTs have been making headlines since earlier this year when artist Beeple sold an NFT for a whopping $69 million. Ever since, artists and dealers all together began paying keen attention to the novel idea.
Lee Jung-bong Lee, CEO of Seoul Auction Blue, said that the combination of NFT and art present indefinite potential and thus will continue to grow.
“By 2030, the NFT metaverse is expected to be several times larger than the 400 billion-won domestic art market,” Lee said.
Although it is less eye-catching than NFTs, a growing number of companies are incorporating blockchain technologies into various levels of their operations and services.
“We’re seeing a huge movement of big enterprises and little enterprises to be using DLT for real-world problems and real applications,” Leemon Baird, Co-founder of Hedera Hashgraph, said. DLT is decentralized ledger technology, a digital system for recording things such as asset transactions, in which the details are recorded in multiple places at the same time. Blockchain is one type of DLT.
It is not only businesses or art collectors that are adopting the blockchain technology, but governments are also looking into potential of digital currencies regardless of the stage of their economic development, Jin Chang-ho, principal of Kearney Korea, said.
“CBDC will lead innovation in payment and payment process with the digital wallet and financial products while coexisting with the existing financial order,” he added.
Dunamu launched UDC in 2018 at the height of the first wave of cryptocurrencies to enhance understanding of the blockchain, the underlying technology behind cryptocurrencies. Since then, the conference has garnered participants from more than 600 companies, 7,000 attendees, and 250,000 views on YouTube in the past three years. This is year’s event observed 8,000 of preregistration and a record high of about 65,000 total views on YouTube, reflecting enhanced interest in the blockchain industry.