SANTIAGO DE CUBA, Cuba (AFP) -- Cuba closes a major chapter in its history Sunday as it buries Fidel Castro and gazes at a future without the communist icon who defied Washington and ruled for decades.
Capping a week of tributes and mass rallies, Castro's ashes will be interred at the Santa Ifigenia cemetery in Santiago de Cuba, the eastern city where his revolution was launched more than a half-century ago.
President Raul Castro led a massive, final rally in his brother's honor at Santiago's Revolution Plaza late Saturday, leading the crowd into pledge to uphold the revolution.
"In front of Fidel's remains ... we swear to defend the fatherland and socialism," Raul Castro said.
"He demonstrated that, yes we could, yes we can, yes we will overcome any obstacle, threat, turbulence in our firm resolve to build socialism in Cuba," he said.
Castro, who died on November 25 at age 90, will be laid to rest during a "simple" ceremony near the mausoleum of 19th century independence hero Jose Marti, Castro said.
But the national assembly, which meets later this month, will pass a law to fulfill Castro's dying wish that no statues be erected in his memory or streets named after him, he said.
"The leader of the revolution rejected any manifestation of a cult of personality," Raul Castro said.
While Castro was sidelined by emergency intestinal surgery a decade ago, he remained a towering figure in Cuba.
He was revered by supporters for the free health care and education he spread across the island, and vilified by dissidents who saw him as a brutal dictator.
His burial ends a nine-day period of mourning during which Cubans, often encouraged by the government, flooded the streets to pay tribute to Castro, chanting "I am Fidel!" as his ashes were taken across the Caribbean country.
"I am very sad because we have lost a father," said Marta Loida, a 36-year-old university professor sitting on the ground and holding a picture of Fidel Castro after Raul's speech.
"It's as if we don't want to say goodbye," she said. "We want to keep him company all night under the stars."
The government nurtured the religious-like fervor, with state media calling Castro the "eternal comandante."
In the past week, Cubans were urged to go to schools and other public buildings to sign an oath of loyalty to his revolution.
"I trust Raul because Raul is Fidel's brother. Fidel taught him everything," said Irina Hierro Rodriguez, a 23-year-old teacher at Saturday's rally.
Although Raul Castro made the same pledge, he has implemented modest economic reforms in recent years, restored diplomatic relations with the United States and vowed to step down in 2018.
"No longer under the shadow of his older brother, Raul may now feel freer to pursue the modest economic reforms he initiated in the last decade," said Jorge Duany, director of the Cuban Research Institute at Florida International University.
While US President Barack Obama has chipped away at the US embargo's trade and travel restrictions, foreign companies still face obstacles to invest in Cuba.
Food supplies are tight and public services are being cut back while Venezuela, which has been providing cheap oil to Cuba, is in the middle of a political and economic crisis, said Ted Piccone, a senior fellow at the Washington-based Brookings Institution think tank.
Castro needs to pick up the pace of reforms to kickstart the economy and ensure a smooth transition to his successor in 2018, he said.
"The legitimacy of the post-Raul government will depend on a much better economic performance," said Piccone, a senior foreign policy adviser during Bill Clinton's presidency.
And while Castro has died, his legacy is not going to vanish overnight.
"Given his outsized impact on Cuba and the region, it's not really goodbye," Piccone said. "His memory will cast a shadow over Cuba for a long time."