In Ivory Coast, I once met a boy working on a cocoa farm whose only dream was someday to taste the rich brown chocolate he helped produce. And in Pakistan, I once rescued a boy who sewed footballs and wished only to play with the product of his work.
In the course of more than three decades of defending children’s rights -- including rescuing tens of thousands of children from bonded labor and slavery, among them little girls who were trafficked from their homeland for sexual exploitation -- I have met young people from many backgrounds. But, whether they are child laborers or victims of war who have lost everything, all have something in common: an indomitable urge to study. They want nothing more than to pick up a book, go to school, and improve their lives through education.
According to UNESCO, every additional year of schooling a young person receives increases their average future earnings by 10 percent, and can boost countries’ average annual gross domestic product growth by 0.37 percent. Education does not only break the shackles of human slavery, it can also fuel social, economic and political change.
Recognition of education’s importance is enshrined in many of the United Nations’ treaties and international declarations, and in the constitutions of its member countries. Education is not just a fundamental human right, but also an enabling right -- essential for the exercise of all others. With such a powerful tool available to us, we should be doing whatever we can to use it.
To that end, Norwegian Prime Minister Erna Solberg, Chilean President Michelle Bachelet, Indonesian President Joko Widodo, Malawian President Peter Mutharika, and UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova have convened the International Commission on Financing Global Education Opportunity.
Chaired by the United Nations special envoy for global education Gordon Brown, the Education Commission (as it is more widely known) brings together a committed and diverse group of experienced individuals who share a belief in the importance of accessible schools for all. I am both proud and humbled to be a member of the Commission, which has developed a bold agenda to turn today’s global youth into a “learning generation.”
Currently, millions of children are being denied quality education, and 263 million children are out of school worldwide -- including 63 million in conflict zones and another 30 million who have disabilities. Millions cannot go to school because they are trapped in child labor and slavery, fueling a lifelong cycle of poverty and illiteracy. Poor children who are forced to perform unskilled repetitive tasks fail to learn anything else, which erodes their future employability and puts them on a path toward continued hardship in adulthood. Only education can stop this cycle and give children the means to secure a future free from exploitation.
Meanwhile, 600 million children who are in school are missing out on the full benefits of education because they are not learning basic skills. Young people who haven’t learned the skills they need to participate in the global economy are becoming disillusioned, which makes them more likely to find outlets in extremism or crime.
These numbers tell a story of education in crisis. But it’s worth mentioning that in 2000 the total number of out-of-school children was almost one-quarter higher, at 374 million, than it is today. This improvement proves that we can still build a better, more equitable and sustainable world through education.
Fortunately, many countries are now implementing sound policies to do just that, including abolishing school fees, starting school meal programs and using cash transfers to provide educational opportunities in poor communities. Moreover, at the international level, the fourth UN Sustainable Development Goal encapsulates a new commitment by member countries to ensure inclusive, quality education and lifelong learning opportunities for all people by 2030.
Sustainable Development Goal 4 is ambitious, but achieving it is imperative if the world is to meet the other 16 sustainable development goals. The Education Commission’s new report, “The Learning Generation: Investing in Education for a Changing World,” recommends a targeted approach and greater investment aimed at the hardest-to-reach children -- those who are in child labor, suffering from disabilities, affected by conflicts, or excluded from education simply because they are girls.
The Education Commission proposes a strategy that fosters empathetic, compassionate and respectful youth leaders who can show their peers that peace and innovation are worthy alternatives to fundamentalism and extremism. And because education is ultimately a public good furnished by states, we advise governments to increase their investment in schools, either with domestic resources, international support or private-sector partnerships.
The Education Commission’s report was presented to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon at this month’s UN General Assembly summit, and we hope that world leaders will take notice and begin to translate its recommendations into action.
A childhood without education isn’t a childhood at all, and every youth who is out of school is one too many. We must act urgently to provide universal primary education by 2030. Creating a “learning generation” is a moral responsibility we all share -- and a legacy all subsequent generations will carry on if we can just take the first, crucial steps.
By Kailash Satyarthi
Kailash Satyarthi, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, is honorary president of the Global March Against Child Labour and the founder of Bachpan Bachao Andolan. – Ed.