Commuters have lower life satisfaction and a lower sense that their daily activities are worthwhile, the Guardian reported.
But travel times reaching three hours have a different effect. People may be able to use their time more productively on a longer journey, Guardian said.
Daniel Newman, from Cardiff University‘s Sustainable Places Research Institute, said commuting affects physical health as long commutes shorten the time available for exercise or eating home-cooked meals. This can cause insomnia and joint pain.
“Commuting can be a chore,” he added.
By Lee Shin-young, Intern reporter (firstname.lastname@example.org)