WASHINGTON (AFP) - President Barack Obama appears to have prevailed, for now, in a campaign to stop Congress from passing new sanctions on Iran he fears could derail nuclear diplomacy.
Several Democratic senators who previously backed a bipartisan sanctions bill publicly stepped back after Obama threatened a veto during his State of the Union address on Tuesday.
Several sources familiar with behind-the-scenes maneuvering on the bill say a number of other Democratic senators signed up for more sanctions had privately recoiled from a damaging vote against their own president.
The developments appear, in the short term, to have checked momentum behind the bill, which had appeared headed for a veto-proof majority in Congress.
"I am strongly supporting the bill but I think a vote is unnecessary right now as long as there's visible and meaningful progress" in the negotiations, Senator Richard Blumenthal told AFP, after first expressing reservations earlier this month.
Democratic Senator Chris Coons made a similar declaration at a post-State of the Union event hosted by Politico.
"Now is not the time for a vote on an Iran sanctions bill," he said.
Another Democratic Senator, Joe Manchin, now hopes Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid will not bring it up.
"I did not sign it with the intention that it would ever be voted upon or used upon while we're negotiating," Manchin told MSNBC television.
"I signed it because I wanted to make sure the president had a hammer if he needed it and showed him how determined we were to do it and use it if we had to."
The White House mounted an intense campaign against a bill it feared would undermine Tehran's negotiators with conservatives back home or prompt them to ditch diplomacy.
Obama aides infuriated pro-sanctions senators by warning the measure could box America into a march to war to halt Tehran's nuclear program if diplomacy died.
The campaign included a letter to Reid from Democratic committee chairs urging he put off a sanctions vote.
Another letter was orchestrated from a group of distinguished foreign policy experts.
Multi-faith groups also weighed in and coordinated calls from constituents backing Obama on nuclear diplomacy poured into offices of key Democrats.
The campaign appears for now to have overpowered the pro-sanctions push by hawkish senators and the Israel lobby, whose doubts on the Iran nuclear deal mirror those of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
Senator Johnny Isakson, a Republican co-sponsor of the legislation, said: "It looks like we're kind of frozen in place."
Those behind the anti-sanctions campaign though privately concede they may have won a battle, not a war.
The push for new sanctions will flare again ahead of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee's (AIPAC) annual conference in March, which Netanyahu is expected to address.
It could also recur if the talks on a final pact extend past the six-month window set by the interim deal.
But for now, groups that supported the push against sanctions celebrated.
"This is a major victory, a crucial victory for the American public who don't want to see a war," said Kate Gould of the Friends Committee on National Legislation.
"For right now, it looks like it's not going to be brought up," she said but warned "there'll be other efforts to try and sabotage the process."
The liberal pro-Israel lobby group J Street played a major role in the anti-sanctions push.
Vice president Alan Elsner said the group "continues to work hard to persuade lawmakers not to take action that risks sabotaging the negotiations with Iran.
"We're happy that more and more senators are seeing the logic of our argument," he added.
Republican Senator Mark Kirk, who help write the sanctions law, pledged to fight on.
"The American people -- Democrats and Republicans alike – overwhelmingly want Iran held accountable during any negotiations," said Kirk.
He said his bill, also the brainchild of the Foreign Relations Committee's Democratic Chairman Robert Menendez was an "insurance policy" against Iran's development of nuclear weapons.
The White House did not just chafe at the bill's new sanctions, but also at a clause requiring a final deal to include a complete dismantling of Iran's entire nuclear infrastructure.
Analyst say such a perfect solution -- desired by Israel -- is not realistic.
The White House, no doubt keen to avoid antagonizing lawmakers on such a sensitive issue, declined to comment on the developments.
But Obama put the case for the interim deal, which freezes aspects of Iran's nuclear program in return for an easing of some sanctions, in his speech on Tuesday.
"If this Congress sends me a new sanctions bill now that threatens to derail these talks, I will veto it," he warned.
He offered political cover to Democrats and sought to convince waverers he would back new sanctions if diplomacy failed.
That message would also have been picked up in Iran as negotiators gear up for new talks Obama says have less than a 50-50 chance of yielding a final deal.