In an attempt to respect the Korean tradition of placing more value on family names, the government said the new guideline would affect all Korean names on government documents, websites and name cards of public officials.
“The Romanization was intended to communicate with foreigners and the new guideline will show off our identity, leading users to respect Korean traditions and culture of language,” the ministry said in a press release.
According to the new guideline, the family name will come before the given name. The first letter of the family name and given name will be capitalized. Inserting a hyphen between syllables in the given name will avoid confusion in where they lie.
For example, the name Hong Gil-dong was previously written in various forms, from GILDONG HONG to Hong, Gil dong or HONG GILDONG. Following the new rules, it will now be written Hong Gildong or Hong Gil-dong.
The guideline was based on rules from international organizations and media outlets that use Romanized Korean names. The UNESCO acknowledges that the family name is the first element in East Asian culture and it should not be inverted. AP, the New York Times, BBC, Le Monde and other media also put the family name first.
The name guideline is the latest Romanization policy by the Culture Ministry. Its affiliate, the Cultural Heritage Administration, earlier this year adopted a guideline for the Romanization of cultural assets, which is to Romanize the whole Korean name then add the English translation after, despite the inevitable overlapping.
By Bae Ji-sook (firstname.lastname@example.org)