The European Commission said Saturday that it has requested Samsung Electronics Co. and Apple Inc. to provide details on their wireless patents as part of an initial procedure in antitrust investigations.
The commission sent requests for information to Samsung and
Apple regarding the enforcement of standards-essential patents in
the mobile telephony sector, the European Union's antitrust
"Such requests for information are standard procedure in
antitrust investigations to allow the Commission to establish the
relevant facts in a case," it said in an e-mailed statement.
Standards-essential patents cover areas that are crucial in
order to comply with industry standards, such as third-generation
(3G) wireless technology. Unlike other patents, standards-essential
patents should be licensed under fair, reasonable and
non-discriminatory terms, known as FRAND.
The move by the European Commission comes as Samsung and Apple,
the world's two top smartphone vendors, are locked in fierce legal
battles over smartphone and tablet patents.
In response to Apple's accusations in April that Samsung copied
the look and feel of its products, Samsung claimed Apple violated
its wireless patents, many of them concerning the 3G technology,
and sought to block sales of the new iPhone 4S.
The Korean firm's effort to fight back against Apple hit a snag
last month, however, when a Dutch court dismissed its request for a
sales injunction on Apple's products. Judges in the Netherlands
said Samsung's intellectual properties are standards-essential
patents that should be licensed under the FRAND terms and refused
to grant a sales ban against Apple.
These standards-essential patents must not be used as
"strategic weapons" to win injunctions or discriminatory royalty
payments, according to Florian Mueller, a Germany-based mobile
patent consultant, who reported earlier on an EU probe into
possible patent abuse.
The European Commission's questioning of the mobile giants drew
media attention after Foss Patents, a blog on wireless intellectual
properties, reported on a court filing made by Apple on Friday.
"Samsung's litigation campaign and other conduct related to its
Declared-Essential Patents is so egregious that the European
Commission recently has opened an investigation to determine
whether Samsung's behavior violates EU competition laws," the U.S.
company said in a recent filing with a U.S. district court in
A Samsung spokesman said he is looking into the matter.
The Korean firm is seeking sales bans of the iPhone 4S in
France, Italy, Japan and Australia based on allegations that the
iPhone maker infringed upon Samsung's wireless technology patents.
In a motion filed with a court in Japan, however, Samsung also
claimed that Apple violated its design patents as well as a mobile
The legal disputes between Samsung and Apple expanded to around
30 cases in 10 countries in Europe, the United States and Asia.
Samsung, which dethroned Apple in the third quarter in
smartphone shipments and became the top smartphone vendor, is also
a key semiconductor supplier to the U.S. company. (Yonhap News)