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S. Korea, U.S. warn of 'overwhelming, decisive' response to any N. Korean nuclear attack

South Korea`s vice defense and foreign ministers - Shin Beom-chul (2nd from L) and Cho Hyun-dong (2nd from R) - pose for a photo with Colin Kahl (R), undersecretary of defense for policy, and Bonnie Jenkins, undersecretary of state for arms control and international security, at a session of the Extended Deterrence Strategy and Consultation Group (EDSCG) in Washington D.C. on Sept. 16, 2022. (Ministry of National Defense)
South Korea`s vice defense and foreign ministers - Shin Beom-chul (2nd from L) and Cho Hyun-dong (2nd from R) - pose for a photo with Colin Kahl (R), undersecretary of defense for policy, and Bonnie Jenkins, undersecretary of state for arms control and international security, at a session of the Extended Deterrence Strategy and Consultation Group (EDSCG) in Washington D.C. on Sept. 16, 2022. (Ministry of National Defense)
South Korea and the United States warned North Korea would face an "overwhelming and decisive"response in the event of a nuclear attack, as the allies had a high-level deterrence dialogue in Washington D.C. on Friday (local time).

The two sides agreed on a "strong and resolute whole-of-government" response in case Pyongyang presses ahead with another nuclear test and "all available levers" to address its evolving military threats, according to a joint statement on the results of the Extended Deterrence Strategy and Consultation Group (EDSCG) meeting held after a nearly five-year hiatus. 

The session came amid a view that the North has already completed preparations for what would be its seventh nuclear test.

The EDSCG, a gathering of the allies' vice-ministerial diplomatic and defense officials, resumed just a week after the North codified a nuclear policy that leaves open the possibility of a preemptive strike in case of a regime security threat.

"The United States and the ROK made clear that any DPRK nuclear attack would be met with an overwhelming and decisive response," the statement reads, using the acronyms for the official names of South and North Korea, the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

The US reiterated its "ironclad and unwavering" commitment to draw on the full range of its military capabilities, including "nuclear, conventional, missile defense, and other advanced non-nuclear capabilities," to provide extended deterrence for the South.

Extended deterrence refers to America's stated commitment to mobilizing the whole of US military capabilities to defend its ally. Topping the EDSCG talks was the joint endeavor to enhance its credibility.

"The September 16 dialogue highlighted the commitment by both partners to use all available levers, including diplomatic, informational, military, and economic tools, to strengthen and reinforce the US security commitment to the ROK, strengthen deterrence against DPRK aggression and more broadly counter the DPRK threat," the statement said.

Pointing out the North's assertive nuclear policy enshrined in a recently enacted law, the allies voiced "serious" concern and decried it as "escalatory and destabilizing messaging."

"The two sides committed to continue efforts to employ all elements of both countries' national power to strengthen the alliance deterrence posture," the statement said.

Touching on concerns about the possibility of the regime staging a nuclear test, Seoul and Washington highlighted their readiness against it.

"The United States and the ROK reaffirmed that a DPRK nuclear test would be met with a strong and resolute whole-of-government response," it said. "The two countries are closely coordinating in detail and stand ready for all possible scenarios." 

As part of efforts to strengthen deterrence, the US reiterated its commitment to reinforce coordination with the South to continue to deploy and exercise its strategic assets in the region in a "timely and effective" manner, according to the statement.

In addition, both sides agreed on the importance of fully implementing UN Security Council sanctions resolutions on North Korea, noting the North's continued development of ballistic missiles and other weapons of mass destruction undermines global security.

"The two sides also agreed that they will enhance cooperation to address DPRK sanctions evasion and illicit cyber activities using diplomatic, economic, and military tools," the statement said. 

The US renewed its support for the Yoon Suk-yeol administration's "audacious" plan designed to help the North improve its economy if it takes steps towards denuclearization. 

Seoul's Vice Defense Minister Shin Beom-chul and Vice Foreign Minister Cho Hyun-dong attended the session, with the U.S. represented by Colin Kahl, undersecretary of defense for policy, and Bonnie Jenkins, undersecretary of state for arms control and international security.

The two sides agreed to hold the high-level EDSCG annually. In the first half of next year, they plan to have the next EDSCG engagement at the "expert level" prior to the high-level session.

The EDSCG session had been suspended for years since its second and last session in January 2018, when the then liberal Moon Jae-in administration pushed for an initiative to promote inter-Korean rapprochement.

The reactivation of the EDSCG followed a Seoul summit deal in May between South Korean President Yoon and his U.S. counterpart, Joe Biden. (Yonhap)

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