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Korean flag carriers eye tie-up as policy lender backs W1.8tr deal

Korea Development Bank to inject W800b into megadeal to help Korean Air acquire Asiana

Aircrafts of Korean Air Lines and Asiana Airlines line up at Incheon International Airport on Monday. (Yonhap)
Aircrafts of Korean Air Lines and Asiana Airlines line up at Incheon International Airport on Monday. (Yonhap)
South Korea’s two flag carriers Korean Air Lines and Asiana Airlines are anticipating a tie-up, as the nation’s policy lender Korea Development Bank vowed to finance the 1.8 trillion won ($1.62 billion) megadeal.

Announcing a plan to help Korean Air Lines acquire a majority stake in its longtime rival, KDB said Monday that the merger is indispensable in keeping the nation’s struggling aviation industry afloat.

“The new integrated Korean flag carrier will rise to one of the top 10 most competitive players in the global aviation industry, laying the groundwork to cope with the coronavirus crisis with efficiency and to leap forward in the post-pandemic era,” KDB Chairman Lee Dong-gull said, adding that the state-run bank was striving to find a plausible buyer.

The proposed deal will help KDB “minimize the volume of state capital to normalize the aviation industry and retrieve its financing to the companies,” Lee said.

The remark came three months after the proposed buyer of Asiana Airlines, HDC Hyundai Development Co., scrapped its contract with its main creditor, KDB, to buy the indebted aviation firm.

KDB Vice President Choi Dae-hyun said KDB has since reached out to numerous candidates after the 2.5 trillion won acquisition deal collapsed, with Hanjin KAL being one of them.

Under the plan, KDB will inject 800 billion won into Hanjin KAL, a major stakeholder of Korean Air Lines, by buying 10.6 percent of newly issued common shares as well as exchangeable bonds in a capital increase in December.

Subsequently, Korean Air Lines will raise 2.5 trillion won with new ordinary shares in the first quarter of 2021. Of the total, Hanjin KAL will acquire shares worth 730 billion won. The other 1.77 trillion won will be raised from an employee stock ownership plan, existing Korean Air shareholders including retail investors and possibly public investors.

Using the proceeds, Korean Air Lines will buy 1.5 trillion won of new common shares by June 2021 through its installment payment, as well as 300 billion won worth of perpetual bonds issued by Asiana Airlines by end-2020. 

KDB Chairman Lee Dong-gull speaks at a virtual press conference held Monday. (KDB)
KDB Chairman Lee Dong-gull speaks at a virtual press conference held Monday. (KDB)
The scheme will allow KDB to use a minimum amount of state funds to shore up the liquidity of Asiana Airlines and at the same time will help Hanjin KAL maintain control over Korean Air by inducing Hanjin KAL to take over Korean Air shares. If KDB directly pours in the same amount of money to Korean Air instead of Hanjin KAL, Hanjin KAL is likely to own less than 20 percent of voting rights and will no longer be able to exercise ownership of the nation’s No. 1 aviation firm, under antitrust rules.

Under the current plan, KDB will spend no more than 800 billion won under the deal. Otherwise, KDB would have spent a combined 4.8 trillion won on both Korean Air and Asiana by the end of 2021, Choi said.

The plan appears to have garnered support at a pangovernmental meeting held earlier Monday. According to a statement by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, the government has conceded its argument that there need to be at least two national flag carriers on monopoly, saying the tie-up is necessary to help both Korean Air and Asiana overcome the coronavirus crisis.

The plan, however, is likely to be contested by a shareholder group led by private equity fund Korea Corporate Governance Improvement. The shareholder group owned 45.23 percent of voting rights as of Nov. 6, giving it the upper hand over Hanjin Group Chairman Cho Won-tae.

KCGI demanded Monday that Hanjin KAL give other shareholders including the consortium a fair chance to take part in the company’s capital increase plan, after the KDB announcement that KDB will solely participate in the deal. KDB said the new 10 percent voting rights in Hanjin KAL will not translate into ones supporting Chairman Cho and pledged to keep the group’s owner family in check through a special committee.

Shares of Korean Air and Asiana Airlines both soared Monday. Asiana Airlines hit the price ceiling, Korean Air rose 12.5 percent and Hanjin KAL jumped 5.7 percent.

By Son Ji-hyoung (