Asiana Airlines Inc. and Korean Air Lines Co. (Yonhap)
South Korea's biggest carrier Korean Air Lines Co.'s planned acquisition of the debt-laden Asiana Airlines Inc. requires approval from antitrust authorities in at least four other countries, industry sources said Sunday.
According to the aviation industry sources and the Fair Trade Commission (FTC), the planned merger requires review from authorities in the United States, European Union (EU), China and Japan.
A failure would jeopardize the deal valued at 1.8 trillion won ($1.6 billion) that would create the world's 10th-biggest airline by fleet.
In the US, combined revenue of two companies exceeding $198 million for the latest financial year requires a conditional review for merger clearance from the Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission.
Korean Air's revenue in the passenger business for this year's first, second and third quarters reached 1.7 trillion won, with more than 20 percent coming from the US market, they said.
Asiana Airlines does not release revenue data by region, yet its total revenue came to 2.8 trillion won during the cited period, they added.
In the European market, combined revenue of two parties exceeding 50 billion euros for the latest financial year also requires a merger review from antitrust authorities.
The combined revenue of Korean Air and Asiana Airlines for this year in the global market surpassed the 8 trillion-won mark, according to the sources.
Mergers and alliances in civil aviation in the European market are considered to be more tricky, the sources said.
The EU previously disapproved a merger of Greece's biggest carriers -- Olympic Air and Aegean Airlines -- citing concerns over a quasi-monopoly of the Greek air transport market.
In China, combined revenue of two companies in the global market exceeding 10 billion yuan also requires merger clearance from the authorities, according to the sources.
In Japan, Korean Air's revenue for the latest financial year in the country exceeds 20 billion yen, meaning the deal requires a merger review, they said.
Also, the sources said further review may be needed in other Southeast Asian countries.
South Korea's antitrust regulator will first review the deal over the issue of monopoly, and it is highly unlikely for overseas authorities to overturn the decision, they added.
Earlier this month, the state-run Korea Development Bank (KDB), the main creditor of Asiana Airlines, signed an investment agreement with Korean Air's parent Hanjin KAL Corp. to inject 800 billion won into Hanjin KAL through a rights offering and convertible bonds.
Hanjin KAL will then participate in a 2.5 trillion-won stock sale by Korean Air that will be used to acquire Asiana.
Korean Air, currently the world's 18th-largest airline by fleet, will become Asiana's biggest shareholder with a 63.9 percent stake if the acquisition is completed.
Hit hard by the pandemic, Korean Air and Asiana have suspended most of their flights on international routes since March, and travel demand has dried up. (Yonhap)