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[Herald Design Forum 2020] Exploring ways to chart a future in design to tackle a fresh wave of challenges

Hans Ulrich Obrist to shed light on connecting spheres, potential of BTS and new role of art and design

Hans Ulrich Obrist, the artistic director of the Serpentine Gallery
Hans Ulrich Obrist, the artistic director of the Serpentine Gallery
Hans Ulrich Obrist, one of the keynote speakers at Herald Design Forum 2020, slated for Oct. 22, is the artistic director of the Serpentine Gallery in London.

He envisions a future in design that builds bridges between different spheres and fields of work through art, design and architecture. He believes in using these fields to overcome the challenges of the 21st century, such as ecology, inequality and social justice.

Obrist worked with BTS through the CONNECT project with the Serpentine Gallery, which aligns with bringing separate spheres together. He says the relationship between BTS and Serpentine is like “1+1=11,” as he anticipates amazing things once those different worlds start interacting. BTS, he says, is a great example of how the local and the global can be connected.

The Serpentine Gallery’s pavilion, in collaboration with different architects, prospectively aims to establish exhibitions in areas where residents normally would not be exposed to them such as the boroughs of London. The focus is on supporting communities.

Obrist further seeks to offer support for artists, as US President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal supported a prominent generation of artists in the 1930s including Lee Krasner, Alice Neel and Jackson Pollock. The world is rapidly changing due to climate change and he believes art, design and architecture could play a role in responding to today’s social needs.
Jakob Kudsk Steensen, Catharsis 2019-2020 Supported by CONNECT, BTS Outdoor installation at the Serpentine Galleries (Hugo Glendinning)
Jakob Kudsk Steensen, Catharsis 2019-2020 Supported by CONNECT, BTS Outdoor installation at the Serpentine Galleries (Hugo Glendinning)
The following are excerpts from the interview:

The Korea Herald: The Herald Design Forum has changed due to COVID-19. What are your thoughts on this “contactless” forum?

Hans Ulrich Obrist: Traveling is really important for art, design, architecture because we need the exchange and we need the dialogue between different geographies. But we need to come up with slower traveling because this idea of flying somewhere for a conference, just for a day or two, is not a sustainable future model.

Now it’s a moment for social distancing. It’s important that we can reinvent the way we meet, the way we gather, and find new ways of gathering.

KH: What will you be speaking about at the forum?

HUO: I will talk about bridges between art, design and architecture and we can only address the big questions of the 21st century, such as ecology, inequality, social justice. As the poet Etel Adnan says, the world needs togetherness, not separation; love, not suspicion; a common future, not isolation. These words resonate for me very deeply.

I’m also going to talk about the collaboration of the Serpentine, Jakob Kudsk Steensen and BTS, which is an example for the possibilities to bring different spheres in contact, which normally would not communicate and in that sense create correspondences, create bridges, create dialogues.

It is also very important that we have to listen. The idea of listening is very important for the 21st century.

Lee Ufan, Relatum – Stage, 2018, Installation view, Serpentine Gallery, London (Feb. 6-July 29, 2018) © Lee Ufan (Photograph © Ian Gavan/Getty Images)
Lee Ufan, Relatum – Stage, 2018, Installation view, Serpentine Gallery, London (Feb. 6-July 29, 2018) © Lee Ufan (Photograph © Ian Gavan/Getty Images)
KH: How do you think the COVID-19 pandemic will affect architectural and urban design trends in the future?

HUO: We know that art, architecture, design can lead to a transformative experience. I’m sure many of you have experienced and so it’s our role to enable that by removing doors, so no-door policy (at the Serpentine Gallery).

We will continue this scheme because it is outdoors -- the perfect scheme for social distancing. We are very lucky to be in a park. I do think during this moment of social distancing, a lot of people love to experience art outdoors because there is a much smaller risk of transmission of the virus outdoors than indoors. The outdoor museum, public art, architecture will become more important.

KH: In the era of rapid changes such as climate change impacting the Earth, what role can art and design play?

HUO: It would be great to recognize, also in Korea, that every company and every governmental organization employs one artist. That would also be particularly important right now in this moment of the COVID crisis. We need today a big governmental plan to support artists; otherwise there would be a catastrophic situation for generations of artists. The Roosevelt plan did this very well in the 1930s. They supported tens of thousands of artists, the whole generation of Lee Krasner, Alice Neel and Jackson Pollock. A great way is to actually not just support artists but to make art also useful for society. This is very urgent.

KH: You have shared a work by BTS in the “do it” project. Contemporary art has always wanted to appeal to wider audiences. Should we look at the work with the K-pop boy band in the same sense?

HUO: We are very grateful that CONNECT project has been a really great experience bringing spheres together, bringing worlds together. Jakob Kudsk Steensen, our artist, enjoyed it a lot. His long conversation with BTS and was really galvanized by their interest in his practice, but also in art in general, by their enthusiasm.

I loved my interview with BTS. I’ve just written a longer text about the BTS phenomenon. I very much like the idea of BTS and their impact on society.

It has a lot to do with globalization because it has to do with how we connect the local and the global, and that is something which BTS does in such an interesting way.

It’s deeply Korean, it is K-pop, it has deep roots in Korean. A lot of the songs are in the Korean language -- the majority of it is, though recently there were also some songs in English. Yet at the same time, it is deeply local yet it’s also deeply global. And this idea of the local and the global is at the root of the “do it” project because for every exhibition that happens, it connects to the local and at the same time it’s a project that’s really happened on our continent and in that sense it’s a global project.

Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2006 designed by Rem Koolhaas and Cecil Balmond, with Arup Serpentine Gallery, London (July 13-Oct. 15, 2006)  (Photograph © 2006 John Offenbach)
Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2006 designed by Rem Koolhaas and Cecil Balmond, with Arup Serpentine Gallery, London (July 13-Oct. 15, 2006)  (Photograph © 2006 John Offenbach)
KH: How do you personally view the imagination and inspiration that create new designs?

HUO: The imagination and the inspiration that create new designs has a lot to do with the fact that artists keep surprising us, which is why I’m so excited to work with artists, designers and architects.

My favorite question to them is always about their unrealized projects. Because if you really want to tap into the imagination, the inspiration of artists, we need to ask them -- the same is true for designers and architects -- about their unrealized projects.

KH: What are some habits that help you maintain and improve your creativity?

HUO: I usually get up really early in the morning, like at 4 or 5 a.m., and I write and take notes. Very often, this is before I switch on the computer. That is a ritual.

Another ritual is that I am always surrounded by many, many books. I buy at least one book every day, and I would say that that’s certainly one of my main rituals. I am inspired by these books. One of my recent books is actually by a Korean poet. I am very, very fascinated by Kim Hye-soon. There is a book in English called “Sorrowtoothpaste Mirrorcream.” For me she is one of the greatest poets of all time. I had great inspiration from Kim Hye-soon.

By Song Donna and Hong Tae-hwa (donnadsong@heraldcorp.com) (th5@heraldcorp.com)

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