“Turkey has continued to grow and develop across all fields over the last 95 years. We have emerged as one of the fastest developing nations in the world by the early 21st century,” he said in a speech at the country’s 95th anniversary reception last week in Seoul. “Our hope is that Turkey will reach its long-term objectives with its strong leadership, hard-working and dedicated people, rich natural resources and proactive foreign policy.”
Ankara and Seoul -- strategic partners and middle power members of MIKTA and G-20 -- share many common values and norms, and work together for a more secure, stable and prosperous future, he added. “Within the context of our common approach, Turkey strongly supports the ongoing peace initiative on the Korean Peninsula that is expected to bring about denuclearization, lasting peace and prosperity and eventual reunification of the two Koreas.”
The two countries along with Mexico, Indonesia and Australia form MIKTA -- an informal alliance of middle powers dedicated to improving international governance and promoting peace, security and sustainable development.
|Turkish Ambassador to Korea Ersin Ercin (left) poses with Korean Foreign Ministry spokesperson Noh Kyu-duk at its National Day reception in Seoul on Oct. 29. (Joel Lee/The Korea Herald)|
“Although geographically distant from each other, our nations are culturally and historically very close and share a special friendship,” said Korean Foreign Ministry spokesperson Noh Kyu-duk. “The Turkish and Korean languages both belong to the Altaic language family and have common roots. Korea and Turkey began their enduring ties through an alliance forged between Turkish forebears, the Gokturks, and ours of the Goguryeo Kingdom.”
Even before Ankara and Seoul established diplomatic relations in 1957, Turkey dispatched some 21,000 troops -- the fourth-largest national contingent in the United Nations Forces -- to the Korean War to protect South Korea’s freedom and democracy. More than 1,000 Turkish soldiers lost their lives and 1,400 sustained injuries.
“The Korean people to this day remember and are grateful for Turkey’s noble sacrifice during the war,” he noted, adding the two nations have since become “blood brothers.”
In June, Turkish film “Ayla” -- based on a true story of friendship between a Turkish soldier and a Korean girl orphaned during the Korean War -- was screened in Korea. It offered a chance to reflect on the special friendship between Turkey and Korea.
The two countries entered a free trade agreement in 2013, and have since expanded trade and investment as well as services cooperation. The areas of economic collaboration also cover transportation and infrastructure, information and communication technology, defense, education and culture. The total volume of bilateral trade last year topped $7.2 billion, with more than $6 billion of trade imbalance in favor of Korea.
Korea has invested more than $2.3 billion in Turkey, while Turkey has invested around $35 million in Korea, according to the diplomatic mission. Korean companies have participated in several major infrastructure projects in Turkey, including the Northern Marmara Highway, Eurasian Tunnel, Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge and Avrasya Tunnel projects. The Canakkale Bridge -- the world’s longest suspension bridge, to be completed in 2023, the 100th anniversary of the republic of Turkey -- will be built by a consortium of two Korean companies and two Turkish companies.
Through Vision 2023, Turkey aims to be one of the top 10 economies in the world by 2023.
Turkey is currently the 17th-largest economy in the world with a gross domestic product of $910 billion total and $10,500 per capita, or $26,000 in terms of purchasing power parity. Turkey’s economy experienced a 7.4 percent growth last year and is expected to register 4.5 percent growth this year, according to the World Bank.
To counter the latest currency crisis driven by the sharp depreciation of the lira, the government announced its New Economy Program -- centered on stabilization, discipline and transformation -- in September, followed by a comprehensive road map aimed at tamping down inflation.
“These measures and additional structural reforms are expected to stimulate growth and stabilize the economy, while gradually reducing the current account deficit and inflation,” the ambassador told The Korea Herald. “Turkey has a diversified economy on a record-level growth, a young population (of 81 million total) with a half under age 31, an entrepreneurial ecosystem and a strategic location to access regional markets. These factors offer attractive advantages to companies looking to increase their presence in Turkey and grow their investments throughout the region.”
During Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s visit to Seoul in May, the two governments discussed enhancing ties in various fields as well as respective situations in their regions. They also signed several memorandums of understanding covering ICT and scientific research and development, industrial and technological partnership and health care policy.
As a reciprocal step to the establishment of the Korean Cultural Center in Ankara in 2011, the Turkish Foreign Ministry will inaugurate its Yunus Emre Institute cultural center in Seoul this year.
By Joel Lee (joel@heraldcorp)