During the ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Meeting in Manila on Saturday, the top diplomats of the 10-member bloc expressed their “grave concerns” over the escalating tension in the peninsula, and vowed to lend full support to the denuclearization initiative through diplomatic means.
In April, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte said that ASEAN was extremely worried about the engulfing strains between the United States and North Korea, and that one misstep would wreak “catastrophe” upon the whole world. The iconoclastic leader urged Washington to exercise restraint against Pyongyang and not play into the hands of leader Kim Jong-un, whom he said “wants to end the world.”
|Philippine Ambassador to Korea Raul S. Hernandez (Philippine Embassy in Seoul)|
South Korea, for its part, has been upping its relations with ASEAN as part of its diplomatic diversification. In Manila on Sunday, South Korean Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-wha, who made her debut on the multilateral diplomatic stage, said Seoul is working to “expand its diplomatic horizons and diversify its diplomacy in earnest,” by elevating the strategic partnership with ASEAN to the level of four major powers of the US, China, Russia and Japan.
“The Philippines is concerned over the potential armed conflict in the Korean peninsula, given the destructive powers of the arsenals involved,” Philippine Ambassador to Korea Raul S. Hernandez told The Korea Herald. “We are also wary of possible impacts on Koreans, foreigners and travelers in South Korea. There are some 65,000 Philippine nationals here, including workers and those married to locals.”
In ways somewhat similar to South Korea, the Philippines has been mired in vital security and territorial quandaries over the years. Manila has been battling Maute, an Islamic State-inspired terrorist group in Marawi City on the island of Mindanao, and wrangled with Beijing over territorial sovereignty in the South China Sea, also called the West Philippine Sea.
The high public support for the president’s heavy-handed responses to fighting corruption and terrorism demonstrates the urgency of troubles, Hernandez explained, noting nearly 80 percent of people expressed being satisfied with the government in public polls. The Philippine Congress also affirmed its approval of continuing the fight against terrorists, as evidenced in an overwhelming majority vote of 261 to 18 on July 22. The parliamentary decision will extend the martial law in Mindanao through the end of this year.
|Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte speaks to protesters in Quezon City, Philippines 24 July 2017. Duterte spoke to protesters after delivering his second State of the Nation Address. Several thousand left-wing protesters marched on 24 July 2017, to the House of Representatives to demand Duterte deliver on promises made in his first state of the nation speech in 2016. (EPA/MARK R. CRISTINO)|
On the sovereignty issue in the South China Sea, the diplomat said his government is fully committed to protecting its territorial claims and maritime entitlements, but believes that the ongoing dispute should be resolved through “peaceful neighborly relations.”
Beijing’s tug of war with five other governments in the strategic waterway, laden with rich oil and gas reserves, intensified after it constructed islands in disputed waters and reportedly began installing a missile defense system on them.
Many analysts view Duterte’s diplomacy as a hedging strategy between Washington and Beijing, with the mercurial leader recently inching closer to China for economic gains, including the lure of more Chinese investments and infrastructure development in the country.
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said Sunday in Manila that talks for a nonaggression pact -- called the Code of Conduct, aimed at preventing clashes from erupting in the South China Sea -- may start this year, as long as “outside parties” do not interfere. The Philippine government spokesman Robespierre Bolivar also said that ASEAN and Chinese ministers have approved a framework for the code and agreed on steps to kick-start negotiations on the maritime accord.
|Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi gestures as he answers questions from reporters as he attends the 50th ASEAN Foreign Ministers' Meeting and its dialogue partners in Manila, Philippines, Sunday, Aug. 6, 2017. Disagreements over North Korea's intercontinental ballistic missile tests and territorial disputes in the South China Sea prevented the region's foreign ministers from promptly issuing their joint communique after an annual gathering in Manila, two Southeast Asian diplomats said Sunday. (AP Photo/Aaron Favila)|
Touching on violent crimes committed against Koreans in the Philippines in recent years, Hernandez said the Philippine National Police has been vigilantly guarding the safety of all foreigners, including Koreans, with a tourism security force instituted in its apparatus. The law enforcement agency’s Criminal Investigation and Detection Group is conducting a thorough investigation of pending cases involving Korean citizens, he added.
Some 1.5 million Koreans visit the Philippines every year, and around 90,000 Koreans reside there.
Manila and Seoul have strengthened defense and law enforcement cooperation in recent years. The Korea International Cooperation Agency, in collaboration with the Korea National Police Agency, announced in July they will spend some $6.6 million through next year to transfer to the Philippine police a wide range of investigation techniques, including forensics, evidence analysis, data management and suspect tracking. In addition, some 270 patrol cars and motorcycles, along with 120 scientific investigation kits, will be handed over. About 150 Philippine police officers will undergo training in Korea.
On the bilateral defense, areas of cooperation encompass information sharing, exchange of visits for personnel and experts, education and training, research and development, defense technology and production, logistics and maintenance, humanitarian assistance and international peacekeeping operation, according to the envoy. The two countries also entered into the Protection of Classified Military Information agreement in 2015.
Twelve FA-50 fighter jets developed by the Korea Aerospace Industries have been delivered to the Philippines, while a decommissioned Pohang-class corvette from the South Korean Navy is in the process of acquisition by the Philippine Navy this year.
|ASEAN Foreign Ministers applaud at the opening ceremony of the 50th ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting at the Philippine International Convention Center Saturday, Aug. 5, 2017 in suburban Pasay city, south of Manila, Philippines. They are, from left, Malaysia's Anifah Aman, Myanmar's U Kyaw Tin, Thailand's Don Pramudwinai, Vietnam's Pham Binh Minh, Philippines' Alan Peter Cayetano, Singapore's Vivian Balakrishnan, Brunei's Lim Jock Seng, Cambodia's Prak Sokhonn, Indonesia's Retno Marsudi, Laos' Saleumxay Kommasith and ASEAN Secretary-General Le Luong Minh. (AP Photo/Mohd Rasfan)|
Hernandez pointed to the growing two-way economic cooperation, highlighting his country offers a unique combination of high economic growth, a large market base and competitive manufacturing capacity.
“Our gross domestic product grew by 6.8 percent last year, making us one of the fastest growing economies in Asia, even ahead of China,” the ambassador underlined. “I want to stress that this growth rate was not just a one-year thing. We have been growing at around the same clip on average through the years before, and major financial authorities like the World Bank forecast the same level of growth will continue in the future.”
“This decade will be one of Philippines’ growth,” he added.
The market size of the Philippines is also substantial, the diplomat said, mentioning a population of some 100 million people, including rising middle classes, mostly well-schooled and fluent in English. The median age of the Philippine citizenry is 23.
“We are also very competitive in the manufacturing sector, which is why many Korean companies have invested in the Philippines with great successes, particularly in shipbuilding, electronics production, food and agricultural processing,” he argued.
|South Korean Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-wha (C) links hands with ASEAN foreign ministers and their representatives as they take part in the ASEAN-Republic of Korea (ROK) Ministerial Meeting at the sideline of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Foreign Ministers’ Meeting (AMM) and Related Meetings in Manila, Philippines, 06 August 2017. Top diplomats from 27 countries gather in Manila for the 50th Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Foreign Ministers' Meeting (AMM) and Related Meetings from 02 to 08 August with the theme 'Partnering for Change, Engaging the World', to promote unity with and among ASEAN member states and its global partners. The ASEAN meetings is expected to result in a joint communique that will address matters related to disputed islands in the South China Sea. (EPA/NOEL CELIS)|
Korean small and medium-sized enterprises have also made significant inroads into the Philippine market, he said. They are involved in television shopping and e-commerce, cosmetics, fashion, food, tourism, game development, finance, education and other services, as well as light manufacturing across the country’s numerous economic zones.
This year marks the 10th anniversary of the ASEAN-Korea Free Trade Agreement. Although the aggregate trade between the two regions has risen substantially since, Korean exports to ASEAN have expanded more sharply than ASEAN’s.
Noting the Philippines has also stacked up a trade deficit with Korea, as Filipinos purchase more Korean goods than vice versa, the trade imbalance needs to be addressed on several fronts, according to Hernandez.
“Tariffs need to be lowered in Korea for our export products like bananas, pineapples, mangos and other fresh fruits,” he said, adding they currently stand at between 24 and 30 percent. “We also need to facilitate market access for other products like duck meat and other fruits and vegetables, which are currently undergoing their import risk assessment under the Korean law.”
|South Korea's Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-wha sits during the 18th ASEAN Plus Three Foreign Ministers Meeting, part of the 50th Association of Southeast Asian Nations Regional Forum meeting in Manila, Philippines, Monday, Aug. 7, 2017. (Mohd Rasfan/Pool Photo via AP)|
To help offset the trade imbalance, Korea has been providing capacity-building assistance to ASEAN SMEs, ranging from product development and technology to packaging and marketing, as well as business-to-business meetings.
“With these measures, I am confident that the next decade of ASEAN-Korea free trade will be equally, if not more, successful, and also more equitable,” he claimed.
Manila being the chair of ASEAN this year, which marks the 50th anniversary of its founding, the country’s top diplomat Alan Peter Cayetano, secretary of foreign affairs, will be a keynote speaker alongside his counterpart Kang at the International Conference on ASEAN-Korea Partnership on Aug. 30 in Seoul. The ASEAN Culture House will be inaugurated in Busan on Sept. 1, giving an additional institutional footing to the ASEAN-Korea Cultural Exchange Year celebrations.
By Joel Lee (firstname.lastname@example.org)
|China's Foreign Minister Wang Yi (R) shakes hands with North Korea's Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho (L) during their bilateral meeting on the sidelines of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Foreign Ministers’ Meeting (AMM) and Related Meetings in Manila, Philippines, 06 August 2017. Top diplomats from 27 countries gather in Manila for the 50th Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Foreign Ministers' Meeting (AMM) and Related Meetings from 02 to 08 August with the theme 'Partnering for Change, Engaging the World', to promote unity with and among ASEAN member states and its global partners. The ASEAN meetings is expected to result in a joint communique that will address matters related to disputed islands in the South China Sea. (EPA/ROUELLE UMALI)|