ENGLISH EYE

TOEFL LISTENING Lecture Q1

By Korea Herald
  • Published : May 11, 2015 - 10:26
  • Updated : May 11, 2015 - 10:27

Today we’re going to continue with oil painting, but in different styles you haven’t experienced. From now on, we’re going to learn about several different techniques, beginning with impasto. Basically, impasto is a thick application of pigment that makes no attempt to look smooth. Instead, brush and palette knife marks are visible on the finished painting.
Now, in general, when you work with oil, what you do is just apply one color over another and let the paint squish onto the canvas. And the painting surface remains quite flat. But, with impasto,

중략

Anyway one purpose of impastoed paint is to make a light reflection. Since the 15th century, impasto has initially been used. Artists controlled the play of light creating a lot of visual space. The shadows underneath the paint showed folds in clothes and jewels their subjects wore. Impasto really made these features stand out.

But later another effect of impasto was its ability to convey movement in the painting. And when you work with the technique, you should keep in mind that the thicker the paint is, the more it gives physical movement. 중략

Today’s painters use impasto for a different reason. Most current artists place more emphasis on the painting’s surface, its texture on their art work than the display of colors and lines. Impasto allows them to blend the texture and feelings of an object without illustrating an actual perception of what they represent.

1. What is the lecture mainly about?

a. The different skills between impasto and oil painting
b. The effects of impasto techniques that artists can achieve
c. Reasons why the impasto texture remains experimental
d. Changes over time in the way impasto characteristics are created

[Main Idea Q]

[해설]

- 도입부에 (today we’re going to continue with oil painting,) 이라고 했지만, 곧이어 (but) 하면서 오늘의 topic 인 impasto가 등장한다 그리고 지문전체에 주로 impasto 의 효과에 대해서 말하고 있다

정답: B

[오답분석]

- A는 언급은 했으나, (too specific) 하므로 답이 될 수 없다
- C는 언급하지 않았고,
- D는 way 가 바뀐 것이 아니라 purpose 가 바뀌었다고 할 수 있다. 틀린정보이고 맞다고 하더라도 main idea 는 아니다.