Xi makes first Europe visit as Ukraine crisis deepens

By Korea Herald
  • Published : Mar 23, 2014 - 20:44
  • Updated : Mar 23, 2014 - 20:44
THE HAGUE (AFP) ― China’s President Xi Jinping touched down in the Netherlands on Saturday for his first-ever Europe tour, with the continent in a diplomatic frenzy after Russia’s annexation of Crimea.

Xi landed at Amsterdam’s Schiphol airport shortly after noon, where he was welcomed by King Willem Alexander and Queen Maxima at the start of a four-country tour, Dutch public broadcaster NOS said.

Also making the first-ever Chinese state visit to the Netherlands, Xi is accompanied by his glamorous wife Peng Liyuan, several ministers, including for trade, and some 200 top business delegates.

Dutch state television showed images of the Chinese first lady, a former opera star and army general who is fluent in English, chatting with Argentine-born Queen Maxima.
China’s President Xi Jinping (left) and Dutch King Willem Alexander propose a toast during the official state banquet at the royal palace in Amsterdam on Saturday. (AP-Yonhap)

Xi is to hold talks with Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte and attend a Sino-Dutch business forum before meeting U.S. President Barack Obama on Monday.

The Chinese leader arrived ahead of a G7 meeting on the sidelines of the Nuclear Security Summit in The Hague this week, where Obama will address the escalating showdown with Russia over Crimea.

President Vladimir Putin’s absorption of Crimea from Ukraine has drawn harsh criticism and sanctions from members of the Group of Seven most-industrialized countries.

Xi is expected to meet Obama at the NSS, organized to fight nuclear terrorism, but which now risks being overshadowed by the Ukraine crisis.

While analysts say Xi is unlikely to speak out on Ukraine, they believe that China cannot remain a diplomatic bystander forever.

U.S. National Security Adviser Susan Rice said on Friday that Obama wanted to lead a campaign to isolate Russia over its annexation of Crimea, and any support from China would thrust home that message.

Xi’s meeting with Obama will highlight the U.S. leader’s policy of rebalancing U.S. resources toward Asia, which he will visit in April.

Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Li Baodong has acknowledged the situation in Ukraine could come up in talks with Obama, but signaled Beijing’s likely position by reiterating its regular call for “calm and restraint.”

Xi’s four-country trip comes a week after China lodged a rare abstention on a Western-backed U.N. Security Council resolution condemning Crimea’s referendum on joining Russia, rather than vetoing it alongside Moscow.

Apart from Obama, Xi is to meet French President Francois Hollande and German Chancellor Angela Merkel on his trip, which ends in Belgium on April 1.

The 28-member EU is China’s biggest trading partner but ties have been strained at times, most recently last year by mutual accusations of dumping over Chinese solar panels and European wine.

Beijing said on Friday that it would end an antidumping probe into wine imports from the EU after it said a deal had been reached between European wine producers.

Xi’s visit to EU headquarters in Brussels on March 31 will be the first by a Chinese president, according to the EU.

The visit to France, meanwhile, is partially to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the establishment in 1964 of diplomatic relations between Beijing and Paris.

Xi is scheduled to make a major speech in Paris highlighting historical bonds such as the experiences of Communist Party luminaries Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping, who both studied in France.

The Netherlands has seen growing exports to China worth 7.6 billion euros ($10.4 billion) in 2012 with imports totaling a whopping 32 billion euros, making China the nation’s third most important economic partner after Germany and Belgium.

The two-day Nuclear Security Summit kicks off on Monday.