Families under tremendous emotional stress

Aleppo bombing threatens Syria talks

Aleppo bombing threatens Syria talks

Opposition says it will not attend planned peace talks if bombing continues

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Published : 2013-12-24 20:11
Updated : 2013-12-24 20:11

DAMASCUS (AFP) ― Syrian warplanes have killed more than 330 people in a nine-day bombing campaign on Aleppo, with the opposition National Coalition saying Monday it will not attend planned peace talks if the bombing continues.

The vicious campaign has seen aircraft drop barrels of TNT on rebel-held neighborhoods ― a tactic widely condemned as unlawful ― flooding hospitals with victims, according to activists, medics and others.

“From Dec. 15 to 22, 301 people have been killed, including 87 children, 30 women and 30 rebels,” said the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which relies on a network of activists and witnesses on the ground.

It later said 30 people had been killed on Monday in attacks on the rebel-held Marjeh and Soukkari districts of Aleppo, once Syria’s commercial capital.

Over the nine days, 99 of the fatalities were children, it said.

Activists released footage of what they said was a school targeted in the village of Marea near Aleppo. Children can be seen running from the school and screaming as explosions rumble in the background.

Inside, men pull children from the rubble, their faces caked in dust and blood. It was not possible to verify the footage.

A security source said President Bashar al-Assad’s army had adopted the tactic because of a lack of ground forces, and argued the heavy civilian toll was because the rebels ― branded “terrorists” by the regime ― are based in residential areas.

Aleppo has been split between opposition and government forces since a massive rebel assault in July 2012.

Human Rights Watch has accused government forces of using weapons and tactics that fail to distinguish between civilians and combatants, making such strikes “unlawful.”

The main opposition National Coalition called on Western states to impose a no-fly zone to halt the attacks.

“Until Assad’s warplanes are stopped, the humanitarian disaster, regional instability and the rise of extremism will only continue to get worse,” said Munzer Aqbiq, an adviser to Coalition president Ahmad Jarba.

Later, Coalition Secretary General Badr Jamous said that “if the bombing the Assad regime is carrying out and its attempt to annihilate the Syrian people continue, then the coalition will not go to Geneva.”

Jamous said Jarba had been in touch with the British and French foreign ministers to tell them about the “daily attacks carried out by the Assad regime using explosive barrels and warplanes, causing dozens of victims.”

“If countries cannot put pressure on the regime to stop these operations of destruction ... how are they going to pressure the regime at Geneva 2 to obtain a political solution,” Jamous said.

The talks are aimed at getting agreement on a political transition to end the war, which has claimed an estimated 126,000 lives since March 2011 and displaced millions.

But the increasingly fractured opposition demands that Assad must step down as part of any deal, which Damascus rejects.

And several powerful rebel groups have rejected the talks outright, raising concerns that, even if an agreement is reached, it would be unenforceable.

The initiative is aimed at building on the momentum of a deal to eradicate Syria’s vast chemical arsenal by mid-2014, which averted punitive U.S. strikes after an August gas attack near Damascus killed hundreds of people.

But Jarba said it is “shameful that ... the international community takes measures against chemical arms while... it allows the regime to kill the Syrian people with conventional arms... almost daily.”

He called on world powers to take “immediate” decisions to put an end to regime attacks.

Analysts argue that the regime, which has advanced on several fronts recently, has been emboldened by U.S. President Barack Obama‘s failure to act after Assad allegedly crossed his “red line” against using chemical weapons.

“There are no more red lines, there is a green light,” Salman Shaikh, the director of the Brookings Doha Center, said, saying there is an “element of vengeance” in the Aleppo bombings.

“Any credible use of force was taken off the table by Obama and the international community.”

Assad said Monday that Syria was being confronted with a major offensive by Islamist extremists.

“The country is facing a takfiri ideology,” Assad said, using a term for Sunni Muslim extremists.

“This is terrorism without limits, an international scourge that could strike anywhere and anytime.”

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