BERLIN (AFP) ― German Chancellor Angela Merkel Saturday urged “substantial” aid from private creditors to resolve Greek debt woes, as the Eurogroup warned the crisis could spread like a firestorm through EU economies.
“We must be sure to try to have a substantial contribution” from private creditors like banks and insurance companies for debt-laden Greece,” Merkel told a meeting of her Christian Democrat Union party in Berlin.
However the German leader added that “at the moment we can only get the participation of the private investors on a voluntary basis.”
German Chancellor Angela Merkel holds a speech at the Bundestag in Berlin on June 9. (AFP-Yonhap News)
The “voluntary” nature of such involvement is key for many observers, who fear that forced input from the private sector would be seen as a debt default on the part of Greece, with ramifications far beyond.
The EU and the International Monetary Fund are trying to assemble a second bailout package for Greece worth almost as much as last year’s 110 billion euros ($156 billion) loan deal.
However in return Athens must introduce strict austerity measures to rein in the burgeoning national debt, leaving the government to deal with widespread public protest.
Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou announced a new government line-up on Friday, bringing in political veterans to ward off economic meltdown and seek to avoid the civil unrest growing.
In the latest mass demonstration, police said up to 3,000 protesters took to the streets of Athens on Saturday.
Supporters of the All Workers Militant Front marched towards the city’s main Syntagma square and the parliament, the site of a three-week-long protest of the group calling themselves “The Indignants”.
The Greek General Confederation of Labor also announced plans to strike during an upcoming parliamentary debate and vote on the country’s future budget plans.
As Greece’s new cabinet works to muster parliamentary support for the tough package demanded by the EU and IMF, finance ministers from the 17 euro nations will gather Sunday evening in Luxembourg for the first of a series of meetings this week, vital to the euro crisis.
As Greece faces imminent default, they will debate whether to release the next installment of the bailout from 2010 ― 12 billion euros Athens needs to pay the bills in July.
With the IMF demanding assurances that Athens can finance itself over the next year before paying out, the ter ms of a second rescue package will also come under scrutiny.
Initially aimed at assuring markets that Europe would avert future debt crises through closer monitoring and streamlining of economic policies, the summit instead will be overshadowed by events in Greece.
In Luxembourg ministers will look at how to involve banks and private lenders in the next Greek bailout in line with demands from countries such as Germany, Finland and The Netherlands, keen to reassure taxpayers unwilling to pay for excesses elsewhere.
“We are working on a new program to be finalized rapidly with additional financing,” EU president Herman Van Rompuy said in Dublin this week.
Merkel’s comments came a day after she appeared to give ground on her previous demands for private involvement following talks in Berlin with French President Nicolas Sarkozy.
Merkel had been pressing for private investors to contribute up to a third of the second rescue package by accepting later repayment on their Greek bonds.
She said she now backed a new package along the lines of a deal on Romanian debt agreed in Vienna in 2009, whereby private banks agreed to buy new government bonds to replace ones that matured.
Eurogroup chief Jean-Claude Juncker said Saturday that the problems which have forced Greece, Ireland and Portugal to seek emergency aid could affect Italy and Belgium, even before Spain, tipped as the next casualty.
The Luxembourg prime minister, who heads the group of eurozone finance ministers, told the German daily Suddeutsche Zeitung, “we are playing with fire.”